Senate Bill 48 (SB 48), a new bill signed by Governor Brown, becomes effective July 1, 2022. SB 48 eliminates certain mandatory minimum security amounts currently in statute and requires individualized assessments based on objective criteria when making release determinations and setting security. In addition, it directs judges to enter a standing pretrial release order specifying people and offenses subject to release on recognizance, conditional release, and people not eligible for release until an arraignment.
In accordance with Chief Justice Order 22-010, Presiding Judge Michael T. Clarke is issuing an order which sets the specific criteria for who will be released on recognizance, who will be released with conditions, and who will be held in jail until they appear before a judge. Columbia County District Attorney Jeff Auxier said, "I would like to personally thank Judge Clarke for prioritizing the safety and well-being of our community while crafting our local pretrial release orders."
SB 48 significantly reforms Oregon's pretrial detention system by reducing the importance of bail and establishing standards for victim notification, input, and safety considerations. The goal of SB 48 is to create more consistent, fair, and equitable justice practices across Oregon while enhancing victim notice and input.
"This is really all about making sure that we have a pathway for people who are safe in the community to be released without putting family capacity or income levels in their way," said Oregon State Representative Pam Marsh.